ReThinkNYC Plan

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Unused potential for growth and connectivity.  The lighter color on the map indicates our proposed 40-minute commute radius accessible to Penn Station, Secaucus New Jersey, Sunnyside Queens, and Port Morris Bronx.

ReThinkNYC 
toward a car-optional region

ReThinkNYC is a comprehensive plan to expand New York City's "car-optional" region beyond Manhattan by unifying and reconfiguring the City and the region's disparate transportation systems into a single functioning network serving the greater New York City area. In this new reality, passengers would be able to transfer seamlessly between commuter rail, subway, bus or light rail systems regardless of operator (e.g. NJ Transit, MetroNorth).

To do this, we propose a new regional plan for New York that would include:

  • The NYC SmartTransit Zone: This fare zone would include NYC and adjacent parts of Westchester, Nassau, Hudson and Bergen Counties. Unified fare collection would be via smart­card (RFID) or smartphone app.
  • The NYC Trunk Line would be a spinal cord of overlapping intermodal connectivity along the Northeast Corridor between Secaucus, NJ and Port Morris, the Bronx that would unify the four land masses that make up the NYC area.
    • All of the region’s 26 commuter rail lines would be connected, including Metro-North’s Harlem and Hudson Lines and NJ Transit’s Bergen County Lines.
    • Secaucus, Penn Station, Sunnyside, Port Morris would be major transit hubs where passengers could transfer from the local scale (buses/light rail) to the city or regional scale (subways/regional rail).
  • New Local Light Rail and Bus Networks directly connected to the NYC Trunk Line at Secaucus (NJ), Sunnyside (Queens/Brooklyn), and Port Morris (the Bronx).  The details of this plan will be released in 2017.

These plans would transform the region’s patchwork of public transit systems into a unified web of overlapping multimodal mass transit connectivity. The NYC Trunk Line would provide a foundation for more rail-connected amenities, including:

  • ReThink LGA would expand LaGuardia Airport into Rikers and connect it to the NYC Trunk Line at Port Morris transforming it into a world-class global airport that is easily accessible to everyone who is connected to mass transit in the region.
  • Midtown East in Queens would be a new office district the size of Midtown Manhattan directly connected to the NYC Trunk Line at Sunnyside, Queens. This plan would provide millions of square feet of new office space that would be connected to the entire regional rail network, seven different lines of the NYC subway network and the new light rail/bus network envisioned for Brooklyn/Queens.

These plans, along with the rise of smartphone-based car sharing and carpooling services (e.g. Zipcar and Uberpool), make it possible to expand the car-optional area throughout the region, obviating the need for an automobile. In doing so, the plan would provide the New York City area the foundation it needs for the next century of economic and population growth.

 

Why we Need this Plan

 

In Manhattan and adjoining parts of Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx, people live their daily lives without the need of an automobile.  As New York City continues to grow, these car-optional neighborhoods have become the most sought after and therefore the most expensive. For similar reasons, office rental rates at the region's core--Midtown Manhattan--are at record highs and continue to rise. These prime office spaces are valuable because of their accessibility. Commercial property developers have already started to build office districts in Jersey City and Sunnyside, Queens, but these developments are disconnected from the region's commuter rail networks, which presently terminate at Penn Station and Grand Central.

These twin real estate crises threaten the region's competitiveness and its future economic growth as workers and companies are priced out. Furthermore, the new office districts outside of the core (Manhattan) are disconnected from most of the regional commuter rail lines, making them practically inaccessible to most of the region's suburban commuters. Instead of building toward an expanded car-optional future for New York, these disconnected developments reinforce the automobile-friendly vision of New York that is the legacy of Robert Moses. Not only does this trend rob New York of its highly-valued connectivity and density, it also exacerbates many of the same congestion problems that already plague other American cities, limits growth, reinforces a fragmented labor market, and threatens the region's ability to "work well."

 

ReThinking "New York as Manhattan"

 

Today, the primary purpose of all of the region's public transportation systems--commuter rail, subway, bus--is to bring workers into Manhattan. Only in Manhattan does the system function as a transportation network that displaces the need for an automobile. Smart growth of New York City will involve bringing the connectivity of Manhattan to the rest of the region by looking beyond the "New York is Manhattan" mindset and rethinking our entire approach to transportation in the Greater New York.

Mass transit in New York is divided between six different government agencies—Amtrak, NJ Transit, Long Island Railroad, Metro-North, Port Authority, and MTA New York City Transit. Each of these entities works independently of the others.

Passengers who hope to use these various systems (commuter rail, subway, bus) together as an alternative to the automobile face the uphill battle of expensive fares, the complexity of multiple fare collection systems, badly scheduled connections and physical disconnection. This is unlike other world cities, such as Paris or London, where buses, subways, commuter and regional rail work seamlessly together in a complementary fashion.

Commuter Rail   Fragmentation

 

Three com­muter rail sys­tems serve New York City: New Jer­sey Tran­sit (NJT), Metro-North Rail­road (MNR) and Long Island Rail Road (LIRR). The three sys­tems are dis­con­nected, but each one pri­mar­ily fun­nels all of its trains and pas­sen­gers into Man­hat­tan, with ser­vice ter­mi­nat­ing at Penn Sta­tion for NJT and LIRR or Grand Cen­tral Sta­tion for MNR. The result is a frag­mented region with sev­eral vul­ner­a­ble bot­tle­neck points that can­not han­dle much needed addi­tional capac­ity. Fur­ther­more, there is a severe lack of inte­gra­tion between Amtrak, com­muter rail, the New York City sub­way, Port Author­ity Trans-Hud­son (PATH),and all of the bus sys­tems serv­ing the region.

This dis­con­nect forces com­muters to make sev­eral trans­fers between sys­tems. For exam­ple, to travel to Wash­ing­ton, D.C. from Mount Kisco, New York, a com­muter cur­rently has to take the MNR Harlem Line to Grand Cen­tral and then ride two sub­way lines to reach Penn Sta­tion where he or she can board an Amtrak train bound for the nation’s cap­i­tal.

Instead of adding to and per­pet­u­at­ing this unten­able sit­u­a­tion, ReThink Stu­dio pro­poses a holis­tic approach for solv­ing all of these prob­lems, while lim­it­ing costs by build­ing on already-under­way projects, and incor­po­rat­ing as much unused and under-used infra­struc­ture as pos­si­ble.

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Regional unification of New York City's passenger rail system.

ReThinkNYC Trunk Line proposal for unified service.

ReThinkNYC Proposal for Expanding LGA  into Rikers and connecting the airport with the NYC Trunk Line at Port Morris, the Bronx.

Commuter heat maps showing the effects of transportation fragmentation on the labor markets.  Each map highlights the region of a 50-minute commute from different nodes.  Clockwise from upper left: Penn Station; Grand Central Terminal; Jamaica; Secaucus.

The ReThinkNYC plan challenges the notion that the Midtown business district is confined to Manhattan. Through expanded transportation, western Queens can become an extension of Midtown.

Existing commuter rail fragmentation of New York City and the surrounding region.

A Case Study of Paris

 

The ReThinkNYC plan is modeled in part on the Réseau Express Régional (RER), pioneered in Paris, France during the 1960’s. To solve a similar rail disunity problem, France built a system of “trunk-lines” traversing the city and connecting existing commuter rail lines that previously terminated on the periphery of Paris. Rail lines east of the city were paired with rail lines to the west and northern lines were paired with southern lines. Today, trains race across Paris and make numerous stops where passengers can transfer to other commuter or metro lines, reaching destinations with great efficiency. Furthermore, Paris’ unified rail network makes traveling between suburban regions much easier.

The RER also brought Paris a unified fare structure, in which all trips made within a certain geographic area were priced the same.  This means that there are no penalties for using fast commuter rail instead of the slower more local metro/subway to access different parts of the city.

We want to bring both of these principles to New York's future. Our advantage over Paris in the 1970s is that we already have most of the infrastructure to do it.  We are simply not using it correctly and to its potential, nor are we properly coordinating our future plans.

Paris and the French Government connected the terminals around the city center into a network of through-running regional rail lines that make stops within the urban core. This work was carried out in the 1970's and continues to this day.

Making ReThinkNYC   Possible

existing infrastructure projects

 

The ReThinkNYC plan works because it is holistic. Not only does it improve commuter rail across the region, but it is neither unrealistic nor prohibitively expensive. It could be considered an extension of Amtrak's existing Gateway proposal to build a new tunnel between Penn Station and New Jersey and the Port Authority's proposal for a new bus terminal.  The budgets for these two projects alone total $35 billion.

Below is a map of the various infrastructure projects that are being proposed or in process of being constructed. The ReThinkNYC plan unifies all of these disparate projects together and improves upon them.

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Creating a unified plan

Presently, there are a number of major infrastructure projects and proposals for the New York City area. While infrastructure investment is becoming increasingly important, approved plans are typically developed in a vacuum, overseen by a single government agency, and designed to solve a single (sometimes superficial) problem. Compounding the problem, most plans are designed with a Manhattan-centric mentality and offer very little to move toward a more unified and equitable region. Once complete, each project -costing billions of dollars- impacts the region's infrastructure for generations to come, which is why it is crucial for planners to start rethinking how plans are developed.

ReThink Studio developed ReThinkNYC with the intention of creating a holistic regional plan to create a unified "car-optional" region for New York City and the surrounding area. By unifying existing projects and proposals around the common purpose of creating a better-connected region, tremendous economies of scale can be gained, creating far reaching benefits that will help generate additional revenue to fund new projects.

Project

Gateway Project:  $23.9 Billion

LIRR East Side Access:  $10.8 Billion

Port Authority Bus Terminal:  $7.5 - 10.5 Billion

Sunnyside Yard:  $8 Billion

2nd Ave Subway - Phase 2:  $5.5 - 6 Billion

Closing Rikers Jail:  $5 - 7 Billion

LaGuardia Airport (Cuomo):  $4 Billion

American Dream Mall:  $3.5 Billion

HBLR Extension:  $2 - 3 Billion

Brooklyn-Queens Light Rail:  $2.5 Billion

MNR Penn Station Access:  $1.8 Billion

7 Train to Secaucus:  $--------

Cuomo Administration's Penn Station Proposal

Gov­er­nor Cuomo’s plan calls for rede­vel­op­ing Penn Sta­tion, build­ing a new train hall with shops and restau­rants at the Far­ley Build­ing (Moyni­han Sta­tion), and link­ing the two build­ings into one inter-con­nected com­plex, called “Empire State Sta­tion.” Although Penn is cer­tainly in need of a makeover, Cuomo’s “trans­for­ma­tion” is largely just an aes­thetic over­haul.

Rear­rang­ing Penn's retail lay­out and adding nat­ural light­ing are impor­tant improve­ments that are long-overdue. How­ever, Penn’s biggest prob­lem is that it is strug­gling to han­dle cur­rent train and pas­sen­ger capac­ity lev­els, lim­it­ing the future growth of rail in the north­east region.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan goes beyond aesthetic improvements by also addressing the station's underlying operational problems. With the implementation of through-running at Penn, NJ Transit trains will terminate at a new station in Port Morris, the Bronx, and Long Island Rail Road and future Metro-North service will terminate at an expanded rail station in Secaucus, New Jersey. To make efficient through-running service possible, Penn's platforms will be widened and additional stairs/escalators will be added to improve vertical circulation.

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Amtrak's Gateway Project

Amtrak's $23.9 billion Gateway Project is a multifaceted effort to increase rail capacity into Penn Station and add redundancy, making it possible to revamp the two existing Hudson River rail tunnels. Gateway's components include:

  • Constructing two new Hudson River tunnels into Penn Station.
  • Eliminating the two-track bottleneck on the Northeast Corridor between Newark Penn Station and New York Penn Station.
  • Constructing Penn Station South, a seven-track NJ Transit terminal one block south of the existing Penn Station.
  • Converting the historic James A. Farley Post Office building into Moynihan Station, an expansion of Penn Station.
  • Constructing the Secaucus Loop, which will connect NJ Transit's Hoboken-bound Bergen County rail lines and Metro-North's Rockland and Orange County rail lines with the Northeast Corridor at Secaucus Junction.
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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

Many elements of Amtrak's Gateway Project are presupposed by the ReThinkNYC plan, including the construction of two new Hudson River rail tunnels and a four-track right-of-way between Newark Penn and New York Penn. In fact, ReThinkNYC is an improvement and extension of the Gateway Project because it avoids the need to construct Penn Station South and lays the foundation for a modern regional rail system.

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Penn Station South

Amtrak’s Gateway Project includes a proposal for the con­struc­tion of seven tracks served by four plat­forms in what will be a new NJ Transit ter­mi­nal annex called “Penn Sta­tion South.” For Penn Sta­tion South to be built, how­ever, Amtrak will first have to acquire an entire block of pri­vate devel­op­ment just south of the exist­ing sta­tion and demol­ish sev­eral build­ings, includ­ing St. John the Bap­tist Church, which was built in 1872.

Not only does Penn Sta­tion South demol­ish the urban fab­ric of the neigh­bor­hood, but it also destroys the pos­si­bil­ity of cre­at­ing a regional rail sys­tem for New York. At a time when cities around the world are eschew­ing ter­mi­nals for through-run­ning trains, New York is mov­ing for­ward on an ill-con­ceived plan to build yet another ter­mi­nal.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan pre­serves the block south of Penn Sta­tion by imple­ment­ing through-run­ning and there­fore remov­ing the need to con­struct new stub-end tracks at Penn. Through-running service at Penn will increase capacity while simultaneously reducing the number of tracks that are necessary to maintain current operations.

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Moynihan Station

Adja­cent to Penn Sta­tion, con­struc­tion is under­way to trans­form the Far­ley Build­ing into Moyni­han Sta­tion, which will actu­ally just be an exten­sion of Penn Sta­tion for Amtrak oper­a­tions. Phase one will be com­pleted in 2016 and the plan includes adding two entrances and addi­tional stair­cases to some of Amtrak’s exist­ing plat­forms at Penn Sta­tion. Phase two will con­sist of a new train hall within a fully ren­o­vated Far­ley Build­ing.

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Moynihan 1

The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan max­i­mizes Moyni­han Station’s poten­tial by extend­ing all of Penn’s plat­forms west and under Moyni­han, which will allow for plat­forms 1 and 2 to be modified in order to con­nect Penn's stub-end tracks into the inter­lock­ing.

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Secaucus Loop

By constructing additional trackage between the two levels of Secaucus Junction that would connect the Main Line and the NEC, Secaucus will become a true junction station. As part of the second phase of the Gateway Project, the loop is projected to be constructed between 2024 and 2030.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

ReThinkNYC presupposes the construction of Secaucus loop to allow NJ Transit's Bergen County lines to be linked with the Northeast Corridor and New York Penn Station. Building this connection will make Secaucus a stronger regional rail hub, and it will also better connect northern New Jersey residents with Manhattan, Long Island, and the Bronx.

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Port Authority Bus Terminal
The pri­mary access point for buses going to the PABT is through the Lin­coln Tun­nel, which cre­ates a direct link between Mid­town Man­hat­tan and New Jer­sey. Over the next few decades, Port Author­ity expects both rid­er­ship and bus ser­vice to increase by 30%. How­ever, the Lin­coln Tun­nel is already oper­at­ing at capac­ity and the Port Author­ity has no plans to con­struct any new tun­nels into Man­hat­tan.

In the same way that the Hud­son River rail tun­nel is a major bot­tle­neck for trains access­ing Penn Sta­tion, the Lin­coln Tun­nel is a major bot­tle­neck for the thou­sands of buses going to and from the Port Author­ity Bus Ter­mi­nal each day.

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PA Bus Terminal Plan Secaucus

The ReThinkNYC Alternative

To alle­vi­ate the choke-point and pro­vide addi­tional capac­ity to han­dle future pro­jected rid­er­ship, ReThinkNYC pro­poses that a smaller bus ter­mi­nal is con­structed in Mid­town Man­hat­tan on the exist­ing site and a new bus ter­mi­nal is built into an expanded Secau­cus Junc­tion.

With this con­fig­u­ra­tion, most buses will be redi­rected to Secau­cus with the inten­tion of reduc­ing vehic­u­lar con­ges­tion by get­ting com­muters onto rail before reach­ing Man­hat­tan. Fur­ther­more, some buses will still pro­vide direct ser­vice to Mid­town Man­hat­tan, but can also be redi­rected to Secau­cus in the event of traf­fic grid­lock at the Lin­coln Tun­nel.

At Secau­cus, bus rid­ers will be able to trans­fer onto com­muter rail, sub­way, and light rail that will con­nect to Jer­sey City, Man­hat­tan, Queens, and the Bronx.

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2nd Ave Subway - Phase 2

The plans for the Second Avenue Subway involve digging 8.5 miles of new tunnel from 125th Street in Harlem south to the Financial District. During Phase 1, which is almost complete, the line is to begin at the intersection of Second Avenue and 96th Street, running south to join the BMT Broadway Line via the existing BMT 63rd Street Line. Phase I stations will be located at 96th Street, 86th Street and 72nd Street. The Q service will be routed to 96th Street. The Q service will initially have a rush-hour service frequency of 7.5 to 10 trains per hour, or one train every 6 to 8 minutes in each direction; by contrast, the IRT Lexington Avenue Line's express tracks (4/5 trains) have an estimated rush-hour frequency of 30 trains per hour, or one train approximately every 2 minutes in each direction. In Phase 2, Q service would be extended north to 125th Street and veer west before terminating at Lexington Avenue.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan adopts cur­rent and his­tor­i­cal sub­way pro­pos­als and mod­i­fies each one so that the sub­way is inte­grated with long-dis­tance rail, com­muter rail, and the local bus net­work. ReThink Studio pro­poses the construction of a new branch of the A train extend­ing across 125th Street. Addi­tional sta­tions would be built to con­nect to the 2/3 at Mal­colm X blvd and at Park/Lexington to con­nect to Metro-North and the 4/5/6 lines. After this the line would con­tinue east to join with the Sec­ond Avenue Sub­way en route to the Bronx.

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LIRR East Side Access

By 2022, the MTA's $10 billion East Side Access Project will create a new Long Island Rail Road station below Grand Central, giving LIRR two Manhattan terminals and creating a new connection with Metro-North lines.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The basic principle of the East Side Access Project is to create a more robust transportation system by constructing redundant service, so that LIRR trains can access Manhattan via Penn and Grand Central Station. The same principle is applied by ReThinkNYC through the proposed connection of all three Metro-North lines into the Northeast Corridor so that MNR trains can terminate at Grand Central (on the existing viaduct and East Side Access) or reach Secaucus, NJ via Penn Station.

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MNR Penn Station Access

Penn Station Access is a public works project proposed by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority in New York City. The goal of the project is to allow Metro-North Railroad commuter trains to access Penn Station on Manhattan's West Side, using the existing Northeast Corridor tracks owned by Amtrak.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

Similar to the East Side Access Project, Penn Access is a proposal that will split Metro-North's New Haven Line in the Bronx so that some trains will continue to terminate at Grand Central and the rest will follow the Northeast Corridor and terminate at Penn Station. However, Penn Access does not provide redundant service for Metro-North's Harlem and Hudson Lines, which will still only be able to terminate at Grand Central. In the ReThinkNYC plan, all three Metro-North lines will be connected into the Northeast Corridor at Port Morris, the Bronx. MNR trains will be able to terminate at Grand Central (via the existing Park Ave viaduct or the new East Side Access) or at Secaucus Station (via the Northeast Corridor).

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LGA Expansion

Cuomo’s plan to over­haul LaGuardia’s pas­sen­ger facil­i­ties will hardly make the air­port more effi­cient if the run­ways are still dan­ger­ously short, prone to flood­ing, and are not expanded to han­dle inter­na­tional flights. Giv­ing LaGuardia’s ter­mi­nals a face-lift is a given, but it’s also a short-sighted plan that offers no solu­tion to LGA’s under­ly­ing prob­lems.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

As a major regional trans­porta­tion hub, Port Mor­ris Sta­tion will have the unique advan­tage of poten­tially trans­form­ing LaGuardia, New York City’s least acces­si­ble air­port, into one of the most acces­si­ble air­ports in the United States. Such a trans­for­ma­tion will be as easy as con­struct­ing an air­train shut­tle from Port Mor­ris Sta­tion, under the East River, and into the exist­ing LaGuardia Air­port or an expanded LaGuardia, as pro­posed in the ReThinkLGA plan.

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7 Train to Secaucus

By extend­ing the 7 Train from its present ter­mi­nus at 34th Street – Hud­son Yards to Secau­cus Junc­tion via a new tun­nel under the Hud­son River, New Jer­sey com­muters will have the abil­ity to trans­fer onto the New York City Sub­way before reach­ing the Penn Sta­tion bot­tle­neck. Extend­ing the 7 Train will not only cre­ate a stronger link between New Jer­sey, Man­hat­tan, and Queens, but it will also pro­vide a direct con­nec­tion between Grand Cen­tral Sta­tion and the North­east Cor­ri­dor at Secau­cus.

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PA Bus Terminal Plan Secaucus

The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan envi­sions Secau­cus Junc­tion as a major inter­modal trans­porta­tion hub for the region. Thus, Secau­cus will become eas­ily acces­si­ble by var­i­ous tran­sit net­works of dif­fer­ing scales (long-dis­tance rail, com­muter rail, sub­way, light rail, and bus).

The 7 Train would leave for Man­hat­tan every 2 min­utes (30 depar­tures per hour) and carry tens of thou­sands of pas­sen­gers each day.

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HBLR Extension

The Hud­son-Bergen Light Rail runs between Bay­onne, Jer­sey City, Hobo­ken, and Union City. By using aban­doned rail lines, New Jersey’s light-rail sys­tem can be devel­oped into a net­work that is fully inte­grated with com­muter rail, sub­way, and bus.

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HBLR 3-min, West Shore Light Rail

The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan includes extend­ing light rail to Staten Island, Bergen County, and Secau­cus Junc­tion. There­fore, res­i­dents of North Jer­sey and Staten Island will have access to a light rail net­work that pro­vides con­nec­tions to busi­nesses dis­tricts and Secau­cus Junc­tion –the regional tran­sit hub for New Jer­sey.

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American Dream Mall

The Amer­i­can Dream Mall (opening in 2017), fea­tur­ing 500+ stores, an indoor ski-slope and amuse­ment park, is expected to bring 20,000 new jobs to the region. Fur­ther­more, the mega-mall will stim­u­late growth in the Mead­ow­lands area, with some plan­ners pre­dict­ing that the project will result in 6–10 new hotels being built adja­cent to the site.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

The ReThinkNYC plan calls for an exten­sion of the PATH sub­way to Secau­cus because it will pro­vide another link to Mid­town and cre­ate a new link to Lower Man­hat­tan.

Instead of infre­quent com­muter rail and bus ser­vice for the Mead­ow­lands com­plex, it makes the most sense to reac­ti­vate and re-pur­pose exist­ing infra­struc­ture to cre­ate a sub­way con­nec­tion between Man­hat­tan, Jer­sey City, Secau­cus Junc­tion, and MetLife Sta­dium.

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Sunnyside Yard Development

Mayor Bill de Blasio has proposed decking over the 180-acre Sunnyside rail yard in order to build 11,250 new affordable apartments. Not long after, Governor Cuomo put forth a different proposal that would place a new convention center above the tracks.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

Unlike other pro­pos­als for Sun­ny­side, the ReThinkNYC plan would not allow for com­mer­cial and res­i­den­tial devel­op­ment on top of the site itself. Instead, the exist­ing low-den­sity com­mer­cial areas adja­cent to Sun­ny­side would rede­velop over time by rezon­ing the area for high-den­sity, mixed-use devel­op­ment. Thus, an oppor­tu­nity is cre­ated to extend com­mer­cial indus­try from Mid­town Man­hat­tan across the East River and solve the hous­ing and com­mer­cial office space dual-crises.

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Brooklyn-Queens Light Rail

Mayor de Bla­sio has pro­posed a $2.5 billion Brook­lyn-Queens water­front street­car that will run from Red Hook through down­town Brook­lyn and Williams­burg to Asto­ria. While build­ing new tran­sit infra­struc­ture is a good thing, any pro­posal should not be seen indi­vid­u­ally, but rather in the con­text of the whole sys­tem.

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The ReThinkNYC Alternative

As part of the ReThinkNYC pro­posal, a Brook­lyn-Queens light rail would be a net­work made up of trunk-lines on ded­i­cated rights-of-way and branch lines run­ning on-street and mixed with traf­fic. By cre­at­ing a light rail net­work for Brook­lyn and Queens, areas that are con­sid­ered to be “tran­sit deserts” can be trans­formed into highly acces­si­ble and thriv­ing neigh­bor­hoods.

ReThink Studio

ReThink Studio